ADR - Adaptive Data Rate. ADR is used to optimize data rates, air time and energy consumption. ADR is set (on/off) in the device, not in the network.
ADRbit - ADRBit (Adaptive Data Rate on or off) set by the device.
AppEUI - The AppEUI is a global application ID in IEEE EUI64 address space that uniquely identifies the entity able to process the JoinReq frame. The AppEUI is supplied by KPN.
AppSKey - Application Session Key. This key is unique per end-device and it is shared between the end-device and theApplication Server. It is used to encrypt/decrypt Application Server messages to the end-device.
AS - Application Server. Runs the application by decrypting the packets coming from the Network Server. Each Application Server has its own and unique Application Session key (AppSKey).
Channel - Radio Channel (LC) used by the device.
CustomerData - ASCII customer data set by provisioning.
CustomerID - Customer ID associated to the Device Manager account.
DevEUI - Globally unique IEEE EUI-64 address.
DevLrrCnt - Number of LRRs which received this packet.
Downlink - message sent from the network to the end-device.
End-device - A LoRa sensor or actuator.
ESP - Estimated Signal Power.
FOTA - Firmware Over The Air.
FCntDn - The last downlink counter to the device.
FCntUp - The uplink counter for this packet.
FlushDownlinkQueue -Empties the device AS DL queue of the device (Boolean). When this parameter is set to FlushDownlinkQueue=1, the AS requests the LRC to purge the AS DL queue of the device prior to adding the DL payload transported by this HTTP POST.
FPort - LoRaWAN FPort used by the device for this packet.
Gateway - "Bridge" between the end-device and the Network Server. (also known as LRR or Base Station)
IoT - Internet of Things
Late - Duplicate messages could be forwarded to the Application Server and can be recognized by the Late flag (Late = 1). If you do not want to see duplicate messages, you can filter out the messages with the Late flag.
LoRa - Long Range
LoRaWAN - Long Range Wide Area Network
LPWAN - Low Power Wide Area Network
Lrcid - ID of the LRC (Core) that processed the packet.
Lrrid - ID of the LRR (Gateway) that processed the packet.
LrrLAT - Latitude of the best LRR.
LrrLON - Longitude of the best LRR.
LrrRSSI - RSSI (Received signal strength indication) measured by the best LRR.
LrrSNR - SNR (Signal-Noise Ratio) measured by the best LRR.
MAC - Media Access Control
mic_hex - MIC in hexadecimal ASCII format.
ModelCfg - ASCII ThingPark Cloud data set by provisioning.
Network Server - Server that decodes and authenticates data from the end-device. Data addressed to the Network Server will be forwarded to the right Application Server. Each Network Server has its own unique Network Session Key (NwkSKey).
NwkSKey - Network Session Key. 128-bit AES encryption key. This key is unique per end-device and it is shared between the end-device and the Network Server.
OTAA - Over The Air Activation
payload_hex - LoRaWAN payload in hexadecimal ASCII format.
PER - Packet Error Rate
RF - Radio Frequency
RSSI - Radio Signal Strength Indicator
SaaS - Software As A Service
SF - Spreading Factor. The number of bits used per symbol varying from 7 to 12, corresponding with the availability of spreading factors 7 to 12.
SNR – Signal to Noise Ratio
SpFact - SF (Spreading Factor) used by device
SubBand - SUB-BAND used by the device.
Time - LRR (Gateway) Timestamp for the packet.
Uplink - Message sent from the end-device to the network
Useful links- LoRa: Starters Guide
- LoRa: Forum and Manuals
- LoRa: Geolocation
- FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions
- Tools: www.LoRaTools.nl